"AND THE WORD BECAME FLESH
AND DWELT IN US"
Written By: Mar Narsai
Translated by: Orahim Yalda
Orahim (also known as, Ibrahim Y. Ibrahim)
The Word that John wrote
prepared a new path for us;
And he was the first to tread on and
becarne a guide for all of us.
He prepared the way towards Existence,
and showed that one is the equality;
That the Father and His Begotten are one,
and there is no time between Him and His Begotten,
His word was like thunder, and he roared
in the four directions;
He beautifully called him the son of
thunder, he who preached the word 'In the beginning'.
Hear all you peoples, and listen all you
nations to the message that I preach!
The Father, who out of His bosom, begot
the Son who is not younger than His begetter.
In the beginning He was a Word, and He
was with God,
And that Word was the God by Qnooma and
O mystery that was hidden since ages and
The son of thunder made it known and
revealed it to the celestial and the terrestrial beings.
O John the preacher the wretched race of
To whom the Holy Spirit gave the keys and
opened the treasure of Existence with.
He climbed and reached the height of
heights above the spiritual hosts. And the power of grace
brought him close to talk about Existence.
He received power and authority, and
preached the Word that was 'In the beginning'
That the Son in the beginning was
eternally with His begetter.
He was from all eternity with His Father;
like the rays with its sun. That neither the sun is earlier
than its radiance, nor is the radiance earlier than the
The radiance of the sun is with it; there
is no time it is not with it.
With the Father is the begotten; there is
no time that He is departed from Him.
The father is the true Qnooma, and the
Son a Qnooma like Him;
Though He is called the Father, there is
no time between Him and His begotten.
He is the nature that is from eternity,
and there is no beginning for His Existence.
Neither the Father began to be, nor the
Son, there is time for His begetting.
The Father is an eternal being; there is
no time He was not a father;
And the Son perfect who is no less there
is no time that He was not begotten.
The Being is very far from times; the
times and the worlds commence from Him.
How a Being could be limited by the times
that He made.
As far as the thought could go, up to the
times will find Him;
And neither the Father began at His
begetting, nor there is time for the begetting of the Son.
John called Him the Word that is from
eternity with His Father;
Like the word with the soul which is from
it and with it.
The word is with the soul, and it travels
away from it and it is in it; The Son was with His Father, and
He came to the world and was with Him.
The word does not travel away, and depart
from the soul for good; neither did the Son travel away from
His Begetter, or was afar from Him by departure.
The word travels to all directions, and
never departs the soul;
When it is a mediator it is in the soul
where it is.
The Word traveled also away from the
Father and came to our dwelling we the mortals;
And while He dwelt in our nature, His
whole was in His Father.
The word that is in the soul could be
And when it is fashioned by ink, it is
seen through letters.
Though it is confined within letters and
limited within the garments of ink,
By letters it is by name; and its whole
dwells within the soul. The pupils see the ink when they stare
at the letters;
And the word does not give its nature to
be limited by the pupils. The Son was hidden with His father
from those up high and those down below.
We were shown Him by His will through the
ink of Adam's body. And though the garment of our nature
shrouded His divinity,
His will dwelt in our nature, and His
nature stayed in its hiding.
The body that He wore did not limit His
Nor did the eye of flesh see the secrecy
of His divinity.
It was by His hand John said, that
everything that became was made, Nothing became without Him;
He willed and put in order everything that became.
He is a fountain that is full of life,
and that has gained life by His nature.
And from life that is in His nature
divided life among His hand-made. Life is the light that
chases darkness out of life;
And the darkness of oblivion cannot
hinder the course of light.
He was in the world from eternity, and
the world was made by His hand;
And though the world was His, the world
did not want to believe in Him.
The Creator came for those of His own,
and those of His own did not accept His Word;
And those who listened to His commands,
merited the power of sons.
He called us His own sons, by the mercy
He showed towards our kind;
He made us to be reborn by the Baptism of
water and of the spirit.
His good will showed us that He dignified
us by the name of son ship.
And He proved that by choosing for
Himself a dwelling among His children.
The Word, John said, that became flesh
and dwelt in us, And we saw the glory of his hiddeness at the
threshold of our humanity.
He became flesh and dwelt in us, and He
showed us His hidden glory.
Since He is hidden by His nature, He
showed His glory through our body.
Not into a being He was inferiorated when
he said that He became flesh, but by that when He made flesh
for Himself and dwelt in it.
For it is not possible for a Creator to
come into a new existence, by His own will.
Neither Existence that has no beginning
could be limited by the time of His begetting For if He was
from eternity, how would He come into existence?
And if He came into existence, then He is
far from what He was.
There is no beginning or end for the
Existence that is from Eternity,
And what comes into existence, that
existence precedes its nature.
If the Being is with the Father, He will
not be limited by His nature.
And if He limits Himself by the womb,
then He is not a Being like His begetter.
And if He is everywhere, and now He came
into existence, how did He receives His formation? Was it a
part of Him or His whole?
If His whole was limited, He is not
merited with that that He is unlimited:
And if a part was limited, then His whole
And if He could be limited as a whole or
Then the Father is limited too, from whom
is the nature of the Son.
How could He be with His Father and at
the same time dwelling in the womb of flesh?
This is the demanding question; how did
He receive His dwelling?
And if the heretics say, because He is in
up high and in down below He has the power to divide Himself
to be in the womb and up high.
Then His will precedes His nature which
is from eternity; then He is subject to His will and it limits
And if His will has the power to resist
and to subjugate His nature, then He changes every hour as His
And if His will could rule over His
nature as it desires, hence, where is His existence that His
nature merited eternally?
O you who are deprived of light and
follow the path of darkness!
Let this blasphemy go after the impudence
of the heretics,
Because they lowered the Being into
contempt when they limited Him in the womb of the daughter of
O you who are deprived of light and
follow the path of darkness,
How could a self-existence nature be
limited by His creation?
And if He is limited by what He made,
like the saying of the heretics,
Then His hand-made is greater than
Himself, if it can limit His nature.
How did the nature that is weaker than
the spirit receive composition?
Is He in His own nature or in a nature
not of His own?
Come! Explain to us your mysteries, You
filthied with uncircumcised hearts;
And teach us how to confess on the Word
that became flesh?
Or, explain how the Word dwelt in the
Or prepare your weapons and let us make
war, and we shall see whose victory it will be?
Gather all your arrows and stretch the
strings of your bows;
And put the Word that became flesh as the
target, and let us see who will hit?
All the fight is over the Word that
And as I know that is why you prepared
your weapon against us.
You want to fight us with your master's
He is the one who cast the weapon and
armed you against the Word that is from the Father.
Come with your Egyptian master, and we
demand the power of word
To see how the created began to be a
Is it that He began to form Himself, or
He thus began to be?
Or, is it that someone else is who formed
and He was afar from
If He is formed then He does not exist,
and if He exists it was not now.
That the Self existence cannot accept
formation after His existence.
He became flesh as you say; was it a part
of Him or His whole:
How could a nature that gained no
formation to be divided?
If His whole was composed, then His whole
And He was limited from everywhere and He
merely dwelt in the womb.
If this is so, where is that that He is
The womb of flesh did limit Him according
to the craft you formed.
And if it is from Him that He was
composed, and from Him remained in His nature;
Where is the equality if He is divided in
If the Word became flesh, we ask whose
flesh is it?
Did He bring it down with Him from the
Height or is it the flesh of man?
If it was His qnooma that became flesh
and He took no flesh from Mary, who then helped our nature-
that He became flesh in that of His own?
Void is the Promise that was given to
David, and by an assumed name was He called the Son of David,
while He is not.
Who benefitted, O you mortals, from the
Word that became flesh?
That He by His nature became flesh, and
our nature remained in its fall.
How, then, does He stop the sentence of
death from us,
If He did not take flesh from Mary and
assist our mortal body?
The Word took body from Mary and dwelt in
And this appeals to the learned, and the
truth is a witness to their words.
For, it is impossible for the
Selfexistence to become flesh by its Qnooma,
And the becoming of the flesh is afar
from the Existence that has no beginning.
Why is the veil of cunning spread over
Reveal to us the goal of your opinions
and explain like Arius. Your words and your utterances
strengthen and support him,
When he renounced the Existence of the
Son and called Him a slave and a servant.
This is all the struggle of Arius- the
disciple of deceit-
To make the Son inferior to the Father
and to count Him among His created beings.
You aim at his goal, even you, 0
Who conceal in a uniform the wickedness
that is hidden in your words.
Get out of the flock you insolents; in
the form of lambs do not drive people astray;
You corrupted the distinction of the two
natures that became one.
Your ungodly blasphemy went up to the
height of heights,
And brought down the Being from His term
and tied Him with the ropes of members.
Listen and hear you Heaven and Earth the
blasphemy that the ungodly spoke-
They limited and confined within the womb
the unconceivable Existence. Like the shield at a battle, they
seized onto this word-
That the Word composed Himself and became
flesh as it is written.
O teachers of novelty! how He became you
And that He dwelt in us you forgot and
you never examined its sense? John said, 'He dwelt in us '.
Who in who did dwell?
Show us clearly the dwelling of the two
that became one?
If he said of the dwelling, then, that
that he became in us is demanded. It is possible then to
dwell, even though, there is not that of coming into
If of that He dwelt in some other, then,
the formation is extra.
And this fits His nature to dwell and not
to be limited.
Therefore come you listener, examine my
words whether they are right;
And by the scale of your mind, weigh my
words if they deviate. Do not be disturbed by hearing the
words that are said by means of antiphonies;
They are not of research but rather a
desire for profit.
The desire that is full of benefits, in
which the hope of our life is hidden; That brings us closer to
our nature, for the respect of the image that it lost.
Our struggle is for this - that the word
did not inferiorate by the dwelling,
But rather took our nature and dignified
it by the glory of His greatness.
This is the question of the dwelling that
we examined with the heretics; That the Existence was not
inferiorated by the dwelling in humanity.
That He became is that He dwelt,and that
He dwelt is that He took flesh;
And He covered the splendor of His
greatness with the garment of the mortal body.
The Self-existence Word built a shrine of
a body for Himself and dwelt in it;
It was not Him that received composition
as the blasphemy of the heretics;
He was not limited by His nature to be
brought towards composition;
Neither the shrine that He built for
Himself could limit His Nature.
He did not dwell by His nature. He took
But rather the dwelling ofRis will by the
oneness without distinction.
The Word weaved a garment of flesh to
cover His greatness with;
For the man to see through man the image
of the glory of His greatness.
A promise that could not be breached He
promised Abraham and David;
And He accomplished it now by deed, by
the principle from the house of David.
The Word is not the son of David O
heretics! What are you arguing?
The Son of David is of our kind that the
Word took and dwelt in it.
All His will He accomplished - the Word
in the body and dwelt in it;
While His will by it was limited, His
nature was not.
His whole was in it by His will, and by
His nature in it and everywhere;
This is proper for a Maker- not to be
limited by the make of His hands.
The body is a make of His own which He
willed to be His dwelling;
And that it did not limit His nature,He
dwelt in it wholly by His will.
The heretics might strive with our words
as they are used to;
How could you call the Maker and the made
as one person?
The made we call a shrine the Word built
for His dwelling;
And the Only One we call the maker,Him
Who willed to dwell in His hand-made.
Like soul and body that are co-equal,and
are called one person,
The soul is a nature of living, and the
body a mortal nature.
The two that distinguish one from another
are called one person;
The Word the nature of existence,and the
body the nature of humanity.
One created and one Creator; they are one
The soul is contained in the body, and
its deed is beyond the body.
While the body is at one place, the
motion ofthe soul is in every direction.
The Word had dwelt in the body, yet, He
was in the up high and in the deep.
His manhood was limited; His divinity was
in every direction;
The soul is not affected when the members
Neither did the Divinity suffer by the
passions of the body in which He dwelt;
And if the soul does not suffer though it
is a made like the body;
How is it for the Existence whose nature
is more sublime than the passions to suffer?
The soul suffers with the body by love
and not by nature.
And they attribute the passions of the
body to the soul, metaphorically;
He made him one with Him in gloryythe man
that He took from us.
And because of His love towards him, He
took his defects onto Himself;
The soul dwells in the body and the
spectators do not see it.
Though it is limited by its nature, the
eyes of flesh did not see it;
The Word also dwelt in our nature, yet,
He was not limited by our nature.
That it was a dwelling of the Will and
not a dwelling of nature,
The evidence is in our natute- that two
natures became one.
One that lives, the other mortal; one
hidden and the other manifested; Come along O heretics, we
demand the question of duty.
Lower down your words and know your
Let us cast away the question of
Existence-for, Existence is incomprehensible;
Let us talk about the son of our kind,
that the Self-existence took and dwelt in him.
He dwelt in him but He did not limit His
substance; His nature is not apt to be limited;
The mortal suffered in his nature, and
the passions did not touch the Existence.
A rational image He built for Himself,
through whom to show His power;
So that the rational will see Him and
they will dignify the hidden by the manifested.
In the Holy of Holies of His secrecy the
Self-existence secretly dwells;
And by the mediator of the son of our
kind we see the image of His glory.
For this He chose him and dwelt in him,
for the hidden to be revealed by the manifested;
And at the threshold of His manifestaion
we worship His hidden nature.
He made him the lord of His house and the
authority on His earnings;
And subdued to him the height and the
depth of the rational and the irrational alike.
By Him our created image that was
filthied by sin was renewed;
And it was, actually, accomplished with
us, when He called us the image of His own.
Him they worship, both, the watchers and
the human beings, like a clear image of a king,
They admire what they see, instead of the
hiddeness of the only one. Listen with reason and understand,
O I istener, those that I repeated;
Do not be disturbed by the thoughts on
the Word that became flesh.
I have prepared for you the path by
words, come and follow my sayings;
For, at the end of the road that I have
prepared for you, You shall find the fountain of life.
Glorify the Self-existence in His
hiddeness, by the manifested He took for
His dwelling, and Dignify the King by His
image, for, the King by His image is dignified.
Because of the difficulty of the way that
leads towards His Existence without beginning,
He prepared for us the way towards, His
hiddeness through a son of our kind as a guide.
Since the nature of the created cannot
observe the concealed Being,
By the image He composed, He showed us
the beautiful glory of His hiddeness.
By the envoy He took from us, He captured
the love of the created beings;
And by the mediator of our kind He
appeased us with His greatness.
This is the cause of His coming- to renew
And to tighten the peace that was
loosened by the means of our principle.
For our consolation He built in a shrine
of flesh and dwelt,
For us, to worship, through external
sanctuary, the hidden Holy of Holies.
The external sanctuary of His body we see
by the eye of flesh;
And the Holy of Holies of His hiddeness
by the spiritual motions of the soul
By the veil of Adam's body, those up high
and those down below were stunned;
For, the created beings are not allowed
to see the Holy of the Existence.
There, the path of life is prepared; come
you heretics and tread on, And do not be stumbled in the way
by your divided opinions.
With our confession of the Existence we
do not mix doubt,
By the Son being co-equal with His
Begetter we do not inferiorate Him into weaknesses.
We confess that the Word wore flesh, and
He willed to dwelt in our nature;
And that the shrine of flesh that He
dwelt in did not limit His nature.
He dwelt in it in whole and by His will,
and abided His whole by His existence;
And namely He took his defects and made
him share Him His glories.
Let us come we in-debtors, the sons of
Adam, and pay our gratitude
To the Good who made our kind share with
Him the glories of His greatness.